Welcome to "georgesbasement" !

To contact George Langford with any questions you might have, type this in the To: field of your email client:       Image of contact email address for George
Here's a list of pages that are currently under construction:
Old-Tool related material:
Patented and Distinctive Bit Braces, a Research Study [Updated 12/30/2016]
"YANKEE" Braces - A Type Study of Sorts
[New 2/18/2007]
Patents for North Bros./Yankee drills
[Links established 2/24/2007]
Taking Apart the Mysterious Stanley/Yankee
2101A Braces   
[Revised & enlarged 2/22/2007]
Millers Falls No.2 Drill Type Study
[Additions 9/3/2015
Millers Falls No.'s 1, 3 & 5 Drills Type Study [Addition January 2016]
Adams Bros. Lathe;
Providence, Rhode Island
User-Made or -Modified Breast Drills and Eggbeater Drills
The No.4 Scraper's New Brother
URL's of Galoot-like Web Sites (Updated 2016)
Weld Repair to John Ruth's Hewing Axe
Wooden Planes
An Updated List of Old Tools Links
Quartz Scraper with Serrated Edge
Geared and Corner Braces [Additions 1/21/2008]
Saturday Morning at the Forge
in the Suburbs of Price, Maryland
Nomarski Differential Interference Contrast
Applied to an Antique Metallograph
Galoots Can Make Catapults, Too
Fox Lathes for Screwcutting in Brass
A Puzzling Sebastian Treadle Lathe   
A Mystery Lathe
Pratt & Whitney Metal Planer, ca. 1876
The Elgin-Hardinge Connection
Large Gear on a Small Machine
Internal Hexagon on a South Bend 7" Shaper
What did I find at a Cabin Fever auction ?
Edwin Harrington, Son & Co. catalog, ca. 1894
Scientific Journals free & for sale [New 8/21/2015]
Tools for Sale [Updated 1/31/2019]
Tool Projects at GB.com [new 8/24/2011]
Helicon Focus: Views of Common Objects
George Langford, Jr.: Langford on Massey
(Updated March 2016)
The McKenna Process Company: History
Site map for McKenna Company & GL, Sr.
George Langford, Sr.:
Anthropology 1924-1930

George Langford, Sr.:
The Minooka Mastodons
George Langford, Sr.:
The Mammoth Man, 1922

George Langford, Sr.:
Paleontology & Mazon Creek
 George Langford, Sr.: The Story of the Elephant
George Langford, Jr.:
The Field Notes of George Langford, Sr. 1937-1960
Ada Augusta Brewster (1842-1929) - portfolio of paintings
Educational Material:
Leo Lesquereux:
Second Pennsylvania Geological Survey P: Coal Flora

[Added September 19, 2011]
Alternatives to deep-ocean drilling
Microstructures - Metallurgy Lessons, with Answers and Unknowns to Solve
Microstructures of Music Wire, Arn Wire, & Pearlitic Strip
North Cascades 1968 Arthur B. Homer - ASM Gold Medal

At last, a home for georgesbasement.comIf you are interested in the sorts of information that you see here, try subscribing to the OldTools list, where a thousand or so Galoots discuss the uses and reasons for hand tools.  To lurk without actually contributing, try registering with Yahoo! Groups, which you can find with the most handy search engine of all: GoogleTo get onto the OldTools mailing list, go to Subscribe OldTools.  Once you have subscribed, messages can be sent to the OldTools List.

Another popular hand tool forum is located at Wood Central
If you want to search the actual contents of journals, reports and other sources of information, try the following link: Knowledge Management Portal. To look up a patented tool, use: DATAMP, the US Patent & Trademark Office, or Google Patents.  In order to see the patent images at the USPTO, Windows users will need to download the free plugin, AlternaTIFF.  My favorite hand-tools group is CRAFTS of NJ.  My data & tool sources are Sandy Moss, Randy Roeder (see Randy's A Millers Falls Home Page, located at oldtoolheaven.com), Jeff Gorman, Patrick Leach, A.K.A. the Merchant of Ashby, and
the late Charles Raymond Zitur. Chuck's fine toolchuck.com domain has become defunct because of Chuck's death on November 8, 2005, but the Wayback Machine has apparently archived it completely Lots more information about patented braces comes from Sandy Moss, Ron Pearson and Jim PriceGotta-see sites: Scott Grandstaff, Tony Seo, Stan Faullin, Ken Greenberg, The American Precision Museum, The Davistown Museum, and Tremont Nail.  My favorite antique-tools auctioneer is Barry Hurchalla, who seems to have moved to Florida ....  My favorite other source of antiques is Brimfield.  My book sources are ABE Books, MJD Tools and The Astragal PressLori Goucher is the contact person for Parts at Stanley Tools.  For a remote view on old hand tools, see: HTPAA.

Nathan Lindsey once had a dandy Sawset Museum.  Nathan's more recent sawsets.com domain has disappeared.  However, the WayBack Machine has archived many of the pages and images: The raw index, Vintage Saw Tool Museum, Aiken Saw Set, Buckeye Saw Set, Cook Hammer Set, Disston Side Filer, How to File a Cross-Cut Saw (in pdf format), Leach's Patent Saw Set, Morrill Saw Sets, Saw Setting Machines, Stillman Saw Sets, Taintor Saw Sets, and, best of all,  Unique Saw Sets.  Not every image will load, but you might get lucky by copying the image's URL into the WayBack Machine's search window.  It works for many other broken URL's as well, of course.

My favorite forums for old machines are: The Practical Machinist and Old Woodworking Machines.  Other more specific groups that I like are the Grizzly/mini-benchmill (moderated by Barry Young), The Model Engineering List, and Atlas Shaper & Milling Machines. Dave Ficken's website is very helpful for old metalworking machines.  TonyLathes is the most complete archive.
  Or, on the lighter side, see: Lin's Kittens On Canvas.

To search free public databases, try: Search Systems.  To search sources of scientific literature, try Linda Kosmin Langford's compendium of freely accessible bibliographic databases.  Linda also has a list of eJournals available free on line.  To search the legal literature and case law, try:
Find Law

For a fresh view of local farmers' markets, start at Cullen Langford's webpage, which includes this comprehensive list of Delaware farmers' markets. For Pennsylvania, see this pdf file of farmers' markets within 60 miles of 19312. On Maryland's Eastern Shore, look here for their farmers' markets. New Jersey's Department of Agriculture has an interactive map giving all New Jersey farmers' markets on a county-by-county basis.

To combat phishing (fraudulent attempts to steal personal financial information) study: MillerSmiles.co.uk.  To find out where that nasty email came from, use: easyWHOIS.  To find out which IP's are blacklisted and by whom, as well as to find out the best reporting address for abuse issues: OpenRBL.org   Domain Dossier is now my best resource for finding addresses for reporting abuses.  To find out how to interpret suspicious emails, see the FTC's Spam for Consumers.  For those clearly illegal spams, report them to scams@fraudwatchinternational.com, reportphishing@antiphishing.org,  and/or to spam@uce.gov.  My favorite spam combating service used to be  SpamCop.net, but they eliminated their formerly very handy popmail forwarding service and dumped me.  When it looks as though the abuse desk of the IP hosting the ofending site isn't going to be responsive, consider reporting the email to the upstream adjacencies, which you can find by
entering the Autonomous System Number that you have obtained into the Selected AS Report window at the bottom of the CIDR-ReportThen, go back to OpenRBL.org to get the reporting address.  If you get a phish with an odd-looking URL containing lots of % signs or just one big number with no punctuation, it will have to be decoded from hex (the former coding) to alphanumeric or to base 256 (the latter obfuscation) so that you can find out the canonical name or IP address, respectively.  Domain Dossier automatically decodes many obfuscated URLs and even finds the canonical names of numerical IP addresses quite often.
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